This article was edited on 2nd Nov 2019. JoinKind.Local has been removed to avoid problems with merges on tables with primary keys:
In this article you’ll learn how to speed up the aggregation of joined/merged tables by orders of magnitude (I recorded up to 30 times faster execution times). This method works for merges where both table have multiple rows for each keys. If one of your tables has a primary key, the method Chris Webb describes here works just as good: Chris Webb’s article on how to improve performance on aggregations after joins using primary keys .
You can follow along the different methods in this file: PerformanceAggregationsAfterMerges1_Upload.zip
When you join a table to another table in Power Query, the UI gives you the option to either expand the columns (default) or aggregate the contents of the joint tables. That’s useful if multiple rows are returned for the rows of the table that has been joined to (left table):